Available Geomarkers

Cole Brokamp

Level 1

Database Example Data Space Time
Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing (TIGER) Proximity to roadway by type, locations of airports, railroads, bodies of water, elevation Exact location (nationwide) Yearly
Open Street Map (OSM) Public transportation routes, estimated drive time Exact location Current
Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) Temperature, relative humidity, precipitation, wind speed and direction Interpreted from > 5000 stations (nationwide) Daily
National Emissions Inventory (NEI) Location and amount of emissions Exact location Yearly
EPA Air Quality System (AQS) Fixed site monitoring of ambient pollutant levels, air quality alerts Interpreted from over 2500 stations (nationwide) Daily
US Department of Transportation (DOT) Highway traffic intensity Exact location (nationwide) Yearly

Level 2

Database Example Data Space Time
US Census American Community Survey (ACS) Population, socioeconomic indicators Census tract or block (nationwide) Yearly
North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) Air temperature, planetary boundary height, relative humidity, precipitation, wind North America (0.3°×0.3°) 8-times (2001 – 2016); daily means (1979 – 2000)
Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Greenspace, land cover, aerosol optical thickness, surface reflectance 3km square grids (nationwide) Daily (2000 – 2015)
National Land Cover Database (NLCD) 21 classes of land cover classifications 30 x 30 m grid Annual (1992, 2001, 2006, 2011)
Smart Location Database (SLD) Location efficiency, characteristics of the built environment Census tract 2010
Modified Retail Food Environment Index (mRFEI) Fraction of food retailers that are “healthy” Census Tract 2011
USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) Quantity of types of animals, products, crops Zip Code 1997, 2002, 2007, 2008, 2011 - 2016
National Center for Charitable Statistics (NCCS) Location and financial operations of non-profit organizations Exact Annual (1989 - 2013)

Level 3

Database Example Data Space Time
Spatiotemporal PM2.5 Predictions Estimated air pollution exposure Tract Centers (Contiguous U.S.) Monthly (1999 – 2008)
Spatiotemporal PM2.5 Predictions Estimated air pollution exposure Global (0.01°×0.01°) Annual (1998 – 2014)
Spatiotemporal NO2 Predictions Estimated NO2 exposure Census block centers; block group; tract Monthly (2000 – 2010)
National Park Service Geospatial Sound Modeling (GSM) Noise level 270 m sq grids (nationwide) 2015

Greater Cincinnati Area Only

Database Example Data Space Time
Cincinnati Area Geographic Information Systems (CAGIS) Crime density, combined sewer overflow sites, housing infractions, urban tree cover, etc Exact location (Greater Cincinnati Area) Current
Uber Move Estimated travel time by car Census tract and traffic analysis area Hourly (2016-2017)
Metropolitan Sewer District (MSD) Combined Sewer Overflow events Exact location Daily (2012 - 2016)
Hamilton County Auditor Home images, value, age, other physical characteristics, owner name Exact Inspection dates
Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) Assessments Land cover in 6 categories: impervious, tree canopy, agriculture, bare soil, grass/meadow, water 1 x 1 m (Cincinnati and Northern Kentucky) 2010
Normalized Differential Vegetation (NDVI) cover Satellite measured near-infrared and visible radiation 30 x 30 m (seven county region) 2000 & 2010
Cincinnati Metro Housing Authority (CMHA) Vacant properties, managed and vouchered properties, management companies Exact location (Greater Cincinnati Area) Current
Land Use Random Forest PM2.5 components: Al, Cu, Fe, K, Mn, Pb, S, Si, V, Zn Exact location Average daily exposure (2002-2006)
Cincinnati Space Time PM2.5 Model Estimated air pollution exposure Exact location (seven county area served by CCHMC) Daily (2000 – 2015)